Non-Cancer Blood Disorders Image

What are Blood Disorders?

While there are many types of cancer—leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease, multiple myelomas—that affect blood cells, not all blood disorders are caused by cancer. At Iowa Cancer Specialists, we are experts in treating virtually every medical condition that affects the production and function of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, including:

  • Many types of anemia (low production of red blood cells), from iron-deficiency anemia to hemolytic anemia

  • Hemophilia - inability of the blood to clot

  • Thrombocytopenia - low platelet count

  • Vitamin B12 deficiency, which affects the production of red blood cells

  • Idiopathic Thrombocyopenic purpura (ITP) - excessive bruising and bleeding

  • Leukopenia - low white blood cell count) and leukocytosis (high white blood cell count)

  • Amyloidosis - the production of excess protein in the bone marrow

  • Polycythemia Vera - the production of too many red blood cells

  • Von Willebrand disease - an inherited condition that leads to excessive bruising and bleeding

  • Essential thrombocythemia and thrombocytosis  - production of too many platelets

  • Factor V (Five) Leiden - an inherited condition that causes increased clotting

  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)  - an inherited condition where the body destroys red blood cells

  • Protein C and Protein S deficiencies - inherited conditions that are associated with an increased risk of thrombosis (development of blood clots in the veins) and embolism (a blood clot that travels to the lungs)


Learn More about Non-Cancer Blood Disorders

It can be difficult to find reliable health information on the internet. As you begin to explore your symptoms and treatment options, we recommend the following resources:

American Society of Hematology – Learn the basics about blood disorders, including anemias, bleeding disorders, blood cancers, and clotting disorders.

National Hemophilia Foundation – Learn about the types of bleeding disorders and treatment options if you have been diagnosed with a bleeding disorder.

National Kidney Foundation – Anemia is frequently an early symptom of chronic kidney disease. Learn how you can manage your condition and what treatment options are available.

Mayo Clinic – Get basic information about causes, symptoms and treatments for a variety of non-cancer blood disorders from the Mayo Clinic’s trusted medical library.